Glossary

Make-Whole Call

A make-whole call is a type of call provisions in a bond allowing the Issuer to pay off remaining debt before the maturity of a bond. The Issuer makes a repayment along with premium.

Mandatory Early Redemption

Specified dates when a bond issuer is required to redeem all or a portion of the outstanding issues of a bond prior to its maturity. The issuer might be required to redeem all or a portion of the bonds according to the call or prepayment provisions of the of the bond contract. Some types of mandatory redemptions occur either on a scheduled basis, or when a specified amount of money is available in the sinking fund. Bonds may be redeemed at a specified price, usually at par, and the bondholder will receive any accrued interest to the redemption date.

Market Disruption Event

Market Disruption Event to be invoked if issuer generally are experiencing exceptional difficulty in raising funds in the interbank market or are paying materially more for interbank deposits than the displayed screen rates for LIBOR or EURIBOR. In these circumstances the clause enables banks to increase the rates charged to borrowers so that they reflect the actual cost of funds to banks.

Material Adverse Change Clause

MAC clauses are a common means of allocating the risks presented by adverse business or economic developments occurring between the signing and the closing of an acquisition agreement. A MAC clause aims to give the buyer the right to terminate the agreement before completion, or to provide a basis for renegotiating the transaction, if events occur that are seriously detrimental to the target assets/company.

Mezzanine Debt

Debt that incorporates equity-based options, such as warrants, with a lower-priority debt. Mezzanine debt is often used to finance acquisitions and buyouts, where it can be used to prioritize new owners ahead of existing owners in the event that a bankruptcy occurs.